Crisis of Western civilization


The remarkable British historian Arnold Toynbee has written that the history of neither nations or nations-states can be explained by themselves – it can only be done in context of civilization.[1] Therefore it is vital for us to understand the meaning of Western civilization, it’s past and present. In my opinion. At this moment the state of the Western civilization can be described in a single word – crisis. And that directly applies to us.

  1. What is Western civilization?

Western civilization is made from the diversity of the individual European nations, as well as our collective Western identity with roots in the times of the Roman civilization. Rome inherited art, science, the idealistic and Stoic philosophy of the Greek civilization and added the art of administration and law to it. It was an organic and a hierarchical society which had the family with a father’s authority at its core that functioned as an autonomous unit in society as well as an example for social order for the society as a whole.[2] Being based in the traditions and virtues of their forefathers (“mos maiorum”), the Romans became a harsh and a disciplined nation, which was able to create the greatest empire of that time. Nevertheless, when Rome achieved it’s highest stage of power, its downfall started. Witnessing this, the Roman historian Sallust, deducted that every nation and state will reach its maximum power and grandeur owing to its people’s sense of honor and their love of their fatherland, but every country will lose its power and might if it become rich and the people morally degraded.[3] The birth of the Christian Western civilization, at the period of Romes fall, meant that a new era begun – the heritage of the Greco-Roman idealistic civilization was incorporated in a new culture, which was supplemented with at the time revolutionary ideas about the integral dignity of each individual and the sanctity of every life. The Christian faith gifted the West with the rule of law, human rights, the system of universities, fine arts and classical music, it ended slavery, cannibalism, infanticide and polygamy, while strengthening the monogamous family and institution of marriage, defining the complimentary status of the women (equal, but different).[4] The stagnation of a unified Roman empire was replaced by a rivalry of individual European states, which guaranteed the inner dynamic of the Western civilization. But now the Western civilization is facing the same challenges as Rome did two thousand years ago. Has the downfall of the West, as the German historian Oswald Spengler anticipated a century ago, begun?

2. The crisis of the West and its expressions

The crisis of the Western civilization manifests itself in almost every aspect of social life:

Institutional crisis. The excesses in the European Union (EU) federalists attempts to unify Europe and enforce immigration on all of Europe has ended with a dead-end, leading to the withdrawal of Great Britain from the EU and the alienation of the Central and Eastern Europe’s from the rest of the EU. The chaos in the institutional situation in Europe has deepened with the idea of European federalists of a unified European army, which would compete with NATO as the main military cooperation format for the West.

Economical crisis. The European economy stagnates and with the fast-paced development in modern times it means that EU is losing in the competition. In 2010, Northern America and Europe made up 40% of the global GDP. After WWII, the USA alone made up 35% of it, which consolidated its role as a superpower. In 2050 this number for Northern America and Europe could be 24%. The part of Asia in the global GDP from 24% in 2010 will rise to 48% in 2050. China alone will make up 20% of it.[5] The attempts of EU at unifying the different economies of Northern and Southern Europe in a single monetary system has ended with an economic crisis. Southern European youth suffers the most – its future has been taken from them.[6] Meanwhile, owing to a huge difference in wages, the Central and Eastern European youth is migrating to Western Europe, creating a massive demographical difficulties in their home countries. The economic crisis of 2008 essentially hasn’t been dealt with – it has been frozen instead. The arrival of the 4th industrial revolution can lead to a new economic crisis, because the EU bureaucratic elite has not been able to swiftly and boldly deal with the challenges modern times.

Demographical and immigration crisis. The Europeans are facing extinction – birth rates are critical for a continuity of Europe. The territory of the current 28 EU member states in 1965 was inhabited by approximately 13% of the worlds population. Till 2065 this number will have decreased to 5%.[7] In the meantime, the population of Africa will double and reach 2.5 billion, dramatically increasing the demographical pressure from the south of the Mediterranean.[8] Everything points to the fact that immigration crisis of 2015 was as prelude for a much bigger crisis, which is coming closer to us and could be a threat to the future existence of European culture. The stream of immigration in Europe from the Mediterranean even now has created huge security risks for the Western European nations – news about organized rape gangs and unheard-of violent attacks have become the norm. It’s because the immigrational mainly comes from the Islamic states – from a civilization with a fundamentally different ideas about the organization of society, which has already historically twice endangered the existence of the Western civilization with its military power.[9] The number of Muslims in Europe was 25.8 million in 2016. From 2001 to 2011 the number of Muslims in England and Wales had risen from 1.5 million to 2.7 million. Those Londoners that identify themselves as “white British” has shrunk to 44.9%.[10] In the last 30 years France has built more mosques than churches in the last 100 years.[11] The numerical disparities of native and foreign peoples of Western Europe is changing faster than it was in Latvia during the communist occupation. As Ritvars Eglājs writes – the demographical changes in Western Europe commenced first, gradually, and then suddenly. The slow ethnic decline that started in Western Europe after the Second World War through the introduction of Third World migrants has accelerated into a rapid descent (and one can take the wave of illegal immigration in 2015 as a symbolic watershed). At present, the replacement of native people goes faster than during Soviet russification of Latvia. This shows that hate, indifference, and cowardice, by the bulk of Western European rulers towards their own people, are comparable to that of the Communists and russificators in Latvia, or even higher. (..) history shows though that such a serious demographic change usually is connected with great upheavals like both world wars and the fall of the USSR. One can only guess if the national liberation of Western European nations would come as peacefully as the restoration of Latvian independence did.

Every aspect of the crisis in the West is a part of a bigger and fundamental crisis – the crisis of Western civilization. Europe’s empty churches and cradles shows the loss of moral power of the West, which manifests in the loss of family values, breaking of social bonds and also the loss of traditional values. Particularly devastating is the loss of the father figure in families, which has led to a wave of suicides , addictions and epidemic of crime in Western society – the statistics is unrelenting.[12]  Western culture in this post-modernist phase has become primitive and morally degraded – it shows the world as a fragmented gam filled with absurdities, in which every cultural norm has to be questioned and parodied, so it can be replaced with two pseudo-values: money and pleasure. The West has lied to itself for too long, renaming its own downfall as “progress”. But it’s worthwhile to remind that for every existing civilization there are two extinct civilizations.[13] The West isn’t excluded from the overall principles of history. The Latvian national-conservative philosopher Pauls Jurevičs has written: “It has been shown and proven for a hundred times already, where the focus on a pleasure as the primary value leads to, and history has already shown it multiple times with examples: it takes the individual person away from humanity and back to animalism, but nations are lead to extinction and being subjected to “fresher” nations, who haven’t yet declared pleasure as the uppermost value.”[14]  We’re observing the ending phase of the replacement of the idealistic culture of the West with a materialistic one, which evokes the egotistical and animalistic tendencies in humans. The choice is between the future existence of the Western civilization or its death and transformation into a “biomass” for other civilizations, who haven’t lost their values yet.

In closing

The crisis of the Western civilization can be overcome – history has proven that after the darkest night, there’s a new day. Neither the barbarian invasions of Rome, or the Mongolian or Muslim invasions couldn’t destroy European culture. But evil usually triumphs for banal reasons – too many are afraid to stand against it, not only in circumstances that put lives in danger, like it was during Stalin’s era, but when it can only endanger one’s career, loss of a bigger wage or being called names, i.e. risks of reputation. Everyone want to imagine himself in the front line of an army if there was ever a war. I believe that most would realize this determination – history shows, that in the times of a crisis, often the idealistic nature of a nation can be seen, that usually is hidden. Nevertheless, being united in a fight for the defense of our culture is necessary right now. You have to fight against bolshevism even when the Bolshevik ideas are called as “open society” and they’re being implemented by well-paid and “polite” men dressed in suits, that have modernized the soviet Russian politics of abolishment of the family, renaming it as “defending the rights of minorities” or “partnership”. You must fight against immigration in the phase when it is still being done gradually and for “economic and humanitarian reasons”, not when it starts to happen suddenly – when that happens, it’s too late. We don’t have to wait for immigrant rape gangs, that have shown up in small and formerly peaceful cities, like it has happened in Great Britain and sadly now in Finland as well. This is the right time to start the resistance. Rejecting the hedonistic and materialistic pop-culture, not being afraid to criticize mass immigration and Neo-Marxist attacks on the human identity, supporting those who are already active defenders of the values of family, nation and homeland – it’s in the power of each one of us already. Start now! And start with yourself!

[1]                     Toynbee, Arnold J., A Study of History. Abridgement of volumes I-VI by D.C. Somervell, Oxford University Press, 1961, 3.p.

[2]                     Karl-J. Hölkeskamp, Reconstructing the Roman Republic: An Ancient Political Culture and Modern Research, Princeton University Press, 2010, p. 33.



[5]                     Rachman, Gideon. Easternization. War and Peace in the Asian Century. Penguin Random House, 2017, 30.p

[6]                     For example, unemployment in Greece among youth since 2008 has exceeded 20% with a record of 60.3% in 2013. Currently youth unemployment in Greece is 36.6%. See



[9]                     Charles Martel halted the Arab invasion of Europe in 732 at the battle of Poitiers. In 1683 the united Polish, Austrian. German forces under the leadership of Jan III Sobieski, the king of Poland-Lithuania, defeated the Ottoman army at the siege of Wiena.

[10]           Murray, Douglas. The Strange Death of Europe. Bloomsbury, 2017, 12-13.p

[11]        The building of mosques shouldn’t be taken lightly. The mosque is a base for expansion for the Islamic civilization. The current Turkish president Rajip Erdogan has quoted these symbolic lines of a poem: “The mosques are our barracks, the domes our helmets, the minarets our bayonets and the faithful our soldiers.”


[13]                 Toynbee… 50.p

[14]                 Jurevičs, Pauls. Dzīve un liktenis. Refleksijas par latvisko eksistenci. Kopenhāgena: Imanta, 1955., 89-90.p

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